API Security

What is API security? 

The goal of an API is to allow applications to communicate with each other without knowing about the communications protocol in detail and to abstract away the implementation details of the application to its consumer. 

With web applications and APIs, you can build an enterprise-scale cloud computing infrastructure in just a few days. Unfortunately, hackers always seek new ways to penetrate the most secure environments. But it’s not just hackers who want to access your data. You have a lot of other threats, too, such as SQL injections, server misconfigurations, and many more. Therefore, an API discovery solution is a vital element of a robust API security architecture. This is designed to help mitigate the security risks associated with API security by identifying malicious clients or APIs and then protecting other assets within the environment. 

What should an API security solution deliver? 

As IT environments become more complex, securing all APIs that connect the essential components and facilitate client access becomes more challenging. Clouds and application architectures span multiple clouds and application architectures. Cloud-native software components and services are emerging to deliver more intelligent, faster, and better-performing applications. To successfully secure an API, it is necessary to ensure that each request is authenticated and authorized using various methods. The best way to keep your data secure is by using a suitable API security solution. 

What does an API Security solution deliver?
What does an API Security solution deliver?

Following is a list of use cases that API Security solves for businesses:

  • Cloud security 
  • Botnet mitigation to prevent API misuse and abuse 
  • Integration with a WAF to thwart XSS attacks and SQL injections 
  • Discovery and inventory of your APIs through automation 
  • Security analytics and user behavior analytics, including API abuse detection 
  • API security against JSON- and XML-based threats and buffer overflows, as well as volumetric and layer 4-7 DDoS protection 
  • Centralized and highly configurable management of security policies 
  • A unified management portal with complete visibility into security governance across clouds 
  • Ultra-low latency and consistent protection for apps, no matter their locations 
  • A proxy for application traffic, equipped with DNS and BGP redirection 

A modern API security platform may use AI and ML to continuously adapt to changing threats to deliver these key API management and protection features. In addition, several points of presence (PoP) may be implemented to provide reliable performance and redundancy for your global audience. 

How to improve API security?

Automated APIs are vulnerable to cyberattacks that attempt to replay credentials stolen during data breaches. Botnets and DDoS attacks are always a concern, no matter how many measures you put to defend against them. The sophistication of these types of threats has only increased in tandem with the complexity of operational and security information environments. They rely on us to help them succeed: 

  • Workloads are deployed in multiple clouds, protected by a patchwork of disparate security tools corresponding to their respective environments. 
  •  Applications that are based on microservice architecture and require high-efficiency API access and communication and tight API security are growing in popularity. 
  •  Legacy application and API security solutions are designed for existing infrastructure. They, therefore, require a different set of skills than self-service cloud management consoles, which are used for initial deployment. 

The cybersecurity industry should specifically enforce access control, authorization, and authentication to keep advanced threats at bay. Still, it must also ensure that it consistently protects your network from all forms of attacks. API security solutions can deliver this comprehensive, layered cybersecurity level and more streamlined API management through convenient cloud-delivered services with capabilities. 

What to look for in an API security solution?

  • Configuration across multiple clouds 

API security solutions can help you reduce the amount of time you spend managing your APIs and infrastructure while minimizing operational and infrastructural complexity by allowing you to quickly and easily configure, scale, and maintain a highly available and robust. However, when it comes to securing API vulnerabilities, it’s best to do so via a unified self-service portal for all security administration and enforcement. 

  • Protection for any API 

With an API security platform, you can ensure that all data sent to and from your APIs are secure by performing a deep packet inspection, scanning, or testing. The API security platform needs to evolve and support additional back-end services and newly migrated applications to ensure that your APIs are secure. 

  • Integrated WAF 

The web application firewall (WAF) is designed to protect apps and APIs from even the most sophisticated threats within an API security architecture. In addition to signature scanning, it also protects against known attacks and API vulnerabilities. At the same time, a positive security model can be used to combat zero-day threats by preventing services that aren’t fundamentally required. 

  • Multi-layered DDoS defense 

Distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks come in multiple forms, including ones that imitate legitimate requests. As we’ve already stated, one of the primary ways an API may be attacked is via a DDoS attack. This can be either a volumetric or application layer attack. Having an always-on, high-capacity, global scrubbing network may help mitigate DDoS attacks and ensure that only clean traffic is passed back to an organization’s infrastructure.

  • Bot mitigation and management 

They are highly automated. Bots can scrape information and overload APIs with junk requests. Real-time Bot Mitigation Tools may keep your APIs secure by implementing signatures and device fingerprinting. Integrating collaboration platforms allows you to develop dashboards and detailed reports on bot threats and other API security incidents. 

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